Martha Nussbaum, though not a lawyer, is a Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago, a chair that includes appointments in the Philosophy Department. She also holds Associate appointments in Classics and Political Science, is a member of the Committee on Southern Asian Studies, and a Board Member of the Human Rights Program. She previously taught at Harvard and Brown.

Nussbaum the 1980’s along with economists Sudhir Anand and James Foster, created a new paradigm with regard to Human Development entitled The Capabilities Approach. These functional capabilities are a list of freedoms eventually became known through the United Nations as the Human Development Index. This work eventually led to her book entitled, Cultivating Humanity which espoused multiculturalism,  and a universal ethic. Read More